On 23 October 1976, the National Audubon Society held its Symposium on the California Condor in San Rafael, California. The speakers included representatives from Audubon and from state and federal government agencies. In this post I offer a brief report based on the published proceedings of the symposium.
Here is another handful of patents that relate to the California condor in some way.
In The Seven States of California: A Natural and Human History (Henry Holt, 1995), author Philip Fradkin writes of the California condor:
I have often wondered what the fascination was with this carrion-eating vulture that is related to the European griffin. There was, of course, size and rarity and all that ferocious blackness topped by a bare neck and ruby-red eyes. The condor was a military symbol, as well as a meal ticket for ornithologists.
For this post, I set aside Fradkin’s erroneous implication that the California condor and European griffin are especially related. I do not dispute his claim that condors are “ferocious”. And I ignore his negative comment about the ornithologists who have and continue work to prevent the condor’s extinction.
This post is about Fradkin’s observation (for which he offers no evidence) that the California condor is a “military symbol”.
What is the penalty for harming a California condor?
In 1981, the Santa Clara Valley Audubon Society held a conference concerning the California condor. A transcript was published the next year. However, this document is not currently in a library (at least a library that is part of the WorldCat network).
As I have an original copy of the conference proceedings, here are some details about the conference and excerpts from the presentations and discussions.